Diet for gastritis: a menu for a week, what can and can not

Diet is the most important part of gastritis therapy. Depending on certain characteristics of the disease, such as stomach acidity and the presence of erosive, atrophic, and other forms, the diet may change relative to what can and cannot be included in the menu.

how to properly follow a gastritis diet

If a person eats an unbalanced diet, occasionally consumes alcohol, smokes, and is often exposed to severe stress, he will inevitably develop a pathology such as gastritis. It is a disease that leads to inflammation of the lining of the stomach, which results in the loss of its integrity. As a result, various unpleasant symptoms occur, the main one being acute pain in the upper abdomen. In addition, bloating, belching, nausea, and vomiting occur, and appetite decreases or disappears altogether, often leading to weight loss. Gastric gastritis occurs in a variety of forms, including the ability caused by an infectious environment, but for a successful treatment, the diet must be healthy in any case. It is necessary not only to change the diet, to determine what can and cannot be eaten, but also the principles of nutrition, to change the system with a stable menu throughout the week, to divide the total amount of food into 5-6 meals. In case of aggravation, the diet should be tightened, and there are some shades if gastritis is characterized by high or low acidity.

Should I take and not put on gastritis?

The main differences in diet are determined by acidity. What indicator the diagnosis determines in a given patient during pre-therapy.

High acidity

Acidity, which is the most common, has three principles to follow:

  • Mechanical. It prohibits fried foods, as well as unauthorized coarse fiber such as bran bread, scrambled eggs, turnips, meatballs.
  • Chemicals. He says he should give up products that promote the secretion of hydrochloric acid that is needed for the digestive process, such as soda, alcohol, citrus fruits. In addition, concentrated rich broth based on meat and halon is prohibited.
  • Thermal. It consists of eating food at an optimal temperature, which is usually between 16 and 55 degrees Celsius. If the food is warmer or colder, gastritis causes irritation of the esophagus, leading to an increase in the duration of absorption of the food and a corresponding increase in the load on the stomach.

If the environment of the stomach is characterized as acidic, low-fat fish and meat species, dairy products, eggs, which are also served as omelettes or cooked soft, are suitable for eating. In addition, the diet may include peeled tomatoes, boiled zucchini, potatoes, etc.

Low acidity

A low-acid gastritis diet includes foods that support multiple enzymes that provide digestion. To do this, it is also important to normalize the process of food consumption. This should be done slowly, it is important that you spend at least half a minute chewing a portion of food, and the process of eating itself takes at least half an hour. The secretion of hydrochloric acid significantly improves the intake of slightly carbonated mineral water, 200 ml of such water should be drunk before each meal. A variety of fruits and vegetables are allowed, which should be eaten immediately after the meal is finished, as the diet does not allow for snacks. Fruits and vegetables should be chosen lightly, in accordance with the principle of the absence of hard fibers. To further facilitate the digestion process, it is better to peel the fruit in advance and consume only the pulp.

Low acidity brings some relaxation compared to high acidity. Small amounts of chocolate products, light soups and broths, and river fish, mushrooms, and lean meats, including rabbit and veal, are acceptable. Dairy derivatives are allowed, but it is better to refuse.

What is not allowed?

Do not use for any acid stomach:

  • Baking;
  • Chocolate products;
  • Baked, spicy foods;
  • Alcoholic beverages;
  • Foods rich in vegetable or animal fats;
  • Vinegar.

How to eat when getting worse - menu of the week

In case of aggravation, a compromise must be found and it must be done that the body receives all the necessary nutrients and trace elements, but the diet was neutral, did not irritate the mucous membranes and was so strongly inflamed. In this situation, digestion should be helped as much as possible to pass away very quickly. To do this, try to grind all the food as best you can, and use only cooking or steaming for cooking.

It is important that the compiled menu is not only balanced and gentle, but also adheres to it, eating food at a strictly defined time each day. The intervals between doses should not exceed three hours, otherwise the stomach will be emptied and the aggravation will only increase. It cannot be passed because it is full of stomach congestion. In the evening, eat no later than three to four hours before bedtime.

Oddly enough, when it gets worse, it is recommended to spend the first day on an empty stomach. However, the stomach still needs to be replenished. To do this, drink plenty of standing water and lightly brewed tea. Any liquid must be warm. From the second day onwards, liquid porridge is allowed, the same mashed potatoes in water. In addition, boiled eggs, unconcentrated soup on grated vegetables will be useful. As gastritis worsens, fatty foods should be completely excluded from the diet as its breakdown is very slow.

Weekly menu

WEEK and Wed:

  1. Breakfast made from oatmeal and compote;
  2. Second, you can have breakfast with steamed cheesecakes;
  3. Lunch consists of mashed potatoes, vegetable soup breadcrumbs, boiled fish, compote;
  4. Afternoon snack - biscuits with light tea;
  5. Dinner - garnish pasta, slices of lean meat, light tea

TWO, TO, SAT:

  1. Breakfast consists of baked apples, cheesecakes and compote;
  2. The second time is to have breakfast with a glass of jelly;
  3. Have dinner with vegetable soup, steam fish, mineral water from gases;
  4. An afternoon snack with unsweetened light teas and white bread cubes is allowed;
  5. Cottage cheese casserole and compote for dinner.

P, V:

  1. Breakfast should be washed with boiled eggs for 5-6 minutes with compote;
  2. Have cheesecakes with tea during the second breakfast;
  3. Lunch vegetable stew, grated potato soup, jelly;
  4. Afternoon snack - a glass of kefir with croutons;
  5. Cooked fish and porridge for dinner.

Diet 1 for gastritis

Diet 1 seems pretty tough. However, its use is a coercive measure because of inflammation of the gastric mucosa, or if a person has an ulcer, it is very important to restore normal digestion and not irritate the gastric mucosa. This diet is prescribed at the end of the disease exacerbation phase. Of the cooking methods, you can only use cooking, steaming, baking. It is extremely important to reduce the amount of salt consumed, as its presence negatively affects the condition of the inner surface of the stomach, in addition, the salt slows down the removal of water from the body.

Diet 1 involves dividing your total daily diet into five to six meals in small portions. The total amount of calories consumed should not exceed 2000.

The main foods of the first diet are:

  • Vegetable soup. The vegetable base can be replaced with vermicelli or rice;
  • Lean meat and fish without blood vessels and other difficult-to-digest elements;
  • Bread products should be consumed yesterday, both dried and in the form of biscuits.

You may consume moderately fermented dairy products such as cottage cheese, yogurt, skim milk.

Not for diet 1:

  • Rye bread;
  • Mushroom, meat-based soups - you have to give up okroshka, borscht, cabbage soup;
  • Smoked products;
  • Pickles;
  • Fish and other preserves.

Diet for erosive forms

gastritis is called erosive when the effect of the disease causes the appearance of gastric erosion, called an ulcer. An ulcer is a more serious disease that can lead to very serious consequences, including, for example, peritonitis, when erosion of the wall gradually leads to a through hole, as a result of which the contents of the stomach enter the abdominal cavity. This situation is fraught with death without urgent surgical treatment.

Causes of erosion and effects of Helicobacter Pylori infection, effects of substances or excessively acidic gastric juice. Thus, in the case of erosive gastritis, proper eating is very important in order to slow down and reverse the process of ulcer formation.

Here are the principles on which the diet should be based if a patient has erosive gastritis:

  • Food consumed minimally irritates the stomach wall and prevents an increase in acidity;
  • You should regularly eat liquid, hot, grated food. However, the amount of fat and salt in the diet should be minimized;
  • Rejection from bad habits, spices, soda;
  • Vegetables should be cooked by heat treatment;
  • Foods should focus on soups and cereals.

Diet and menu if the patient has atrophic gastritis

The atrophic form is relatively difficult to diagnose because there are no symptoms in the early stages of the pathology. Some of the signs of the disease include the presence of a fried and greasy belching that smells very unpleasant. In addition, general weakness, brittle legs and hair, and skin problems are inevitable companions to atrophic gastritis.

Atrophic gastritis has severe limitations on the list of possible and non-possible. It should be omitted from the diet:

  • Black baked goods, baked muffins;
  • Smoked food;
  • Any mushroom;
  • Peas, beans;
  • Canned food;
  • Untreated fruits and vegetables;
  • Soda, including mineral waters;
  • Milk.

Like other diets for gastritis, cooking methods such as baking and smoking are completely forbidden in the atrophic stage. Cook, simmer, bake products to be ready for use

may be important to eat in case of atrophic gastritis:

  • Grated vegetable soups;
  • Various cereals on the water;
  • Cooked lean meat, very finely chopped;
  • Low fat milk derivatives;
  • Boiled eggs;
  • Unleavened white bread, rusks;
  • Heat-treated fruits and vegetables;
  • Butter;
  • For sweets you can pamper yourself with jam, jelly and foam.
01.12.2020